BUG: Change in series copy behavior in 1.5

This issue has been tracked since 2022-09-20.

Pandas version checks

  • I have checked that this issue has not already been reported.

  • I have confirmed this bug exists on the latest version of pandas.

  • I have confirmed this bug exists on the main branch of pandas.

Reproducible Example

import pandas as pd
ser1 = pd.Series([1,2,3,4])
ser2 = pd.Series(ser1)
ser3 = pd.Series(ser1, index=ser1.index)
print(ser1.index is ser2.index)
print(ser1.index is ser3.index)
print(ser1._mgr is ser2._mgr)
print(ser1._mgr is ser3._mgr)

Issue Description

Hi All!

Very excited to use pandas==1.5.0 but noticed this change. Not sure if its intentional as part of some of the series refactoring

In pandas 1.4.4 all of the above return true but in pandas 1.5.0 ser1._mgr is ser3._mgr returns False which is unexpected

Now when passed an index kwarg, that generates a new SingleBlockManager, but before 1.5 it didn't.

Expected Behavior

In [1]: import pandas as pd

In [2]: ser1 = pd.Series([1,2,3,4])
...: ser2 = pd.Series(ser1)
...: ser3 = pd.Series(ser1, index=ser1.index)
...: print(ser1.index is ser2.index)
...: print(ser1.index is ser3.index)
...: print(ser1._mgr is ser2._mgr)
...: print(ser1._mgr is ser3._mgr)

Installed Versions


commit : 87cfe4e
python : 3.10.7.final.0
python-bits : 64
OS : Linux
OS-release : 5.4.117.hrtdev
Version : #3 SMP Tue May 11 13:44:03 EDT 2021
machine : x86_64
processor :
byteorder : little
LANG : en_US.UTF-8

pandas : 1.5.0
numpy : 1.23.2
pytz : 2022.1
dateutil : 2.8.2
setuptools : 62.1.0
pip : 22.2.2
Cython : 0.29.30
pytest : 7.1.2
hypothesis : 6.52.3
sphinx : 5.0.2
blosc : 1.10.6
feather : None
xlsxwriter : None
lxml.etree : 4.9.1
html5lib : 1.1
pymysql : 1.0.2
psycopg2 : 2.9.3
jinja2 : 3.1.2
IPython : 8.4.0
pandas_datareader: None
bs4 : 4.11.1
bottleneck : 1.3.5
brotli : 1.0.9
fastparquet : 0.8.1
fsspec : 2022.5.0
gcsfs : None
matplotlib : 3.5.2
numba : 0.56.2
numexpr : 2.8.3
odfpy : None
openpyxl : 3.0.10
pandas_gbq : None
pyarrow : 7.0.0
pyreadstat : None
pyxlsb : 1.0.9
s3fs : None
scipy : 1.9.1
snappy : None
sqlalchemy : 1.4.39
tables : 3.7.0
tabulate : 0.8.10
xarray : 2022.6.0
xlrd : 2.0.1
xlwt : None
zstandard : 0.18.0
tzdata : 2022.1

phofl wrote this answer on 2022-09-20

This was caused by

commit 221f6362bc25833da87f00015d4d5418ee316eff
Author: Joris Van den Bossche <[email protected]>
Date:   Sat Aug 20 20:45:23 2022 +0200

    API: New copy / view semantics using Copy-on-Write (#46958)

cc @jorisvandenbossche was this intended?

In general, this is private. Does this leak somehow into the public api?

phofl wrote this answer on 2022-09-20

Adding milestone 1.5.1 for now

jorisvandenbossche wrote this answer on 2022-09-20

Thanks for the ping. I have to look into it in more depth, but from a quick look: this might be due to a change in reindex (when passing a Series object to the Series constructor, and also passing an index, then we reindex that series:

data = data.reindex(index, copy=copy)
). Before, reindex() could return self, but in #46958 I changed that to return a shallow copy (https://github.com/pandas-dev/pandas/pull/46958/files#diff-1a2e3df0db7dd8bddc2ec4bff9de8a7a55e328e6c32e2cecde761dc9549fcd46L5273-L5275).

That change in reindex itself was intentional (needed for CoW), but I didn't really consider the potential impact of it for reindex no longer returning self in case of an "identical" index (same values + same name). With 1.4, we have:

n [1]: s = pd.Series([1, 2, 3], index=['a', 'b', 'c'])

In [2]: s.reindex(s.index, copy=False) is s
Out[2]: True

In [3]: s.reindex(pd.Index(['a', 'b', 'c'], name="test"), copy=False) is s
Out[3]: False

In [4]: s.reindex(pd.Index(['a', 'b', 'c']), copy=False) is s
Out[4]: True

Personally, I would see this as a good change for reindex (to consistently return a new object, regardless of the index being equal or not). But it is a change in behaviour. So if we would like to preserve the old behaviour, it could easily be changed to only do this change if actually using CoW, and so the default behaviour wouldn't change.

@anthonyaag could you give a bit more detail how you ran into this specific issue? In what way to do rely on those managers being identical?

anthonyaag wrote this answer on 2022-09-20

With a few extension of a Series & Indexes. The test case that I found was breaking was basically testing almost exactly the above behavior.

        cs2 = CustomSeries(cs1)
        assert_series_equal(cs2, cs1)
        # this also changes cs1's index 
        cs2.index = CustomIndex(n=cs2.size)
        assert_series_equal(cs2, cs1)

So when the index stoped changing cs1's index then the test failed.

Also if this new behavior is better then that's fine too -- just wanted to raise it as it was a change. 😀

jorisvandenbossche wrote this answer on 2022-09-26

Interesting, that's a bit different from the code in the top post, though. Replicating this example with pure pandas (without subclass), I still see this behaviour of changing the second Series' index also updating the original one (using the latest main branch):

In [21]: s = pd.Series([1, 2, 3])

In [22]: s2 = pd.Series(s)

In [23]: s2.index = pd.Index(['a', 'b', 'c'])

In [24]: s.index
Out[24]: Index(['a', 'b', 'c'], dtype='object')

In [25]: pd.testing.assert_series_equal(s, s2)

But so the case in the top post is when passing an index to the constructor. And so also that case breaks here:

In [3]: s3 = pd.Series(s, index=s.index)

In [4]: s3.index = pd.Index([10, 11, 12])

In [5]: s.index
Out[5]: RangeIndex(start=0, stop=3, step=1)

In [6]: pd.testing.assert_series_equal(s, s3)
AssertionError: Series.index are different

In [7]: s3._mgr is s._mgr
Out[7]: False

Personally, seeing those examples, I very much prefer the behaviour where mutating one Series index propery doesn't change the other. But as mentioned above, it is clearly a breaking change, so we could also revert this for now, and only change it later (eg in 2.0, or 3.0).

(note: updated this after posting, I made an error while testing this, the last case did change behaviour, I initially wrote it didn't)

More Details About Repo
Owner Name pandas-dev
Repo Name pandas
Full Name pandas-dev/pandas
Language Python
Created Date 2010-08-24
Updated Date 2022-10-04
Star Count 35430
Watcher Count 1120
Fork Count 15089
Issue Count 3589


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